Unique Facts of the Rhinoceros Iguana – Reptile Rhinoceros Iguana is a type of reptile animal that has a solitary nature or can be considered introverted and likes to live alone without socializing with other reptile species.
Iguanas are reptile species with hard scaly bodies and have many species spread across several continents. One of the rarest and most difficult to find iguana species in the wild is the rhinoceros iguana which only inhabits a certain island. The rhinoceros iguana is very popular because of its very large size and there are horns or horns on the head of this animal that are similar to that of a rhino.
Has a polygamous marriage system and is known for its violent attacks. Here are five interesting facts about the rhinoceros iguana as reported on the Animalia Bio and Animaldiversity pages, as follows:
1. The native habitat of the iguana rhinoceros
Rhinoceros iguana is an endemic animal native to the island of Hispanola where the region consists of two countries, namely Haiti and the Dominican Republic. Reporting from the Animalia.bio page, these animals inhabit various areas including shrubs, moist forests and dry forests. However, they are also frequently seen in low-lying areas such as beaches and small islands.
They include omnivorous animals that eat various types of plants and small animals including lizards, snakes, insects, fruits, leaves and many more.
2. Habit of living in the wild
In their natural habitat, the rhinoceros iguana lives alone or better known as the solitary animal type. They actively hunt for food during the day and warm their bodies in the sun while camouflaging their surroundings. Meanwhile, at night, these animals will return to their nests which are usually found in caves or hollow trunks to rest and sleep.
Although they prefer to run away when they meet humans, if under pressure the rhinoceros iguana will attack aggressively by biting and wagging its tail.
3. Physical characteristics
In terms of appearance, the rhinoceros iguana has a texture with rough scales and grayish skin. Reporting from the Animaldiversity page, in its natural habitat, this iguana species is very easy to recognize because it has a large body size and a horned head which makes it named the rhinoceros iguana. However, the horns on the heads of these animals are the scales of their enlarged and hardened skin. To differentiate between sexes, male iguana rhinoceros have a larger body size than females.
4. The reproductive system
Rhinoceros iguana is a polygamous animal where they can reproduce with many partners. When the mating season arrives, the male will usually make certain body movements to attract the female’s attention. After 40 days of mating, the female will lay 5 to 20 eggs. Then, the eggs will be placed in a hole up to 1.5 meters deep. This is because the eggs need warm temperatures of up to 30 degrees Celsius to be incubated until they hatch.
5. Declining population
The population of rhinoceros iguana in their natural habitat is currently very threatened. It is estimated that only as many as 10,000 – 17,000 rhinoceros iguanas live in the wild. they are the largest reptile species found in the Hispaniola region. In addition, the rhinoceros iguana can live long enough to reach 20 years of age. One of the reasons for the decreasing population of these animals in the wild is deforestation which makes their habitat loss.