Unique Facts About Reptiles – Reptile is a type of animal that has its own target of eminates and, of course, different from other animals, this animal can be considered disgusting for people who are not reptile lovers.
Reptiles are types of animals belonging to the Reptile class. You can definitely mention animals that include reptiles, namely snakes, crocodiles, lizards, and turtles. These four types of animals are very common and you have probably seen them before.
But do you already know some of the following unique facts about reptiles in general? Let’s increase your knowledge about reptiles by reading the following eight facts.
1. Had ruled the land, sea, and sky in ancient times
Reptiles are a type of animal that have inhabited this earth since ancient times. The Britannica page mentions that reptiles first appeared on earth around 312 to 307 million years ago. It was hundreds of millions of years before the appearance of the first mammals and birds. Since their appearance, reptiles have continued to develop until they finally become the rulers of the earth.
the period when reptiles ruled the earth occurred about 252 to 66 million years ago. This period is called the Mesozoic era, or commonly known as the ‘reptile age’ or ‘dinosaur age’. The various kinds of dinosaurs we know today lived at that time.
Not only dinosaurs, at that time also lived the reptiles that ruled the oceans, namely the Plesiosaurs, Ichthyosaurs, and Mosasaurus. While in the sky, reigning flying reptiles called Pterosaurs. Currently, there are only reptiles that live on land and sea, while reptiles that can fly are no longer there.
2. Consists of thousands of species and can be found in almost all places in the world
Although most of the ancient reptiles that once ruled the world became extinct suddenly about 66 million years ago, there are still quite a few reptiles that have survived and evolved to this day. As a result, currently around the world there are about 8,700 recognized species of reptiles.
The distribution of reptiles is very wide. We can find various types of reptiles in almost any place in the world. There are only two locations where there are no reptiles, namely Antarctica aka the South Pole and the Arctic aka the North Pole. The land that is frozen all year round in both places does not allow cold-blooded reptiles to live there.
3. There is a reptile named tuatara which is different from all other reptiles
As mentioned earlier, the animals that include reptiles today are snakes, crocodiles, lizards, and turtles. But actually there are other types of reptiles that are different from these four animals. Its name is a tuatara (genus Sphenodon). Looks like a lizard, huh? But actually they are members of a separate order, namely Rhynchocephalia.
The Rhynchocephalia Order has been around for about 250 million years! All other members of the order have long since disappeared, only the tuatara have survived. So it is fitting that this New Zealand endemic animal is called a ‘living fossil’.
Also Read:Unique Facts of the Rhinoceros Iguana
4. Has a very diverse size
Giant reptiles like dinosaurs are no longer in the world. But we can still find large reptiles today. Of all reptiles today, the largest is the saltwater crocodile (Crocodylus porosus). Also called estuarine crocodiles, they can grow up to 7 meters long and weigh 1.2 tons!
While the smallest reptiles alive today are the Virgin Island dwarf gecko (Sphaerodactylus parthenopion) and the jaragua dwarf gecko (Sphaerodactylus ariasae). Both species grow to a maximum length of 16 mm and a weight of only 14 grams. So small, huh!
5. There are reptiles that are clever
In the animal kingdom, intelligence is usually identical only to mammals and birds. But make no mistake, it turns out that some types of reptiles also have surprising intelligence. One of the smartest is the monitor lizard. Lizards can be trained to count up to six!
In addition, the monitor lizards can remember hiding places that they often use, even several routes to get there. Lizards in the wild have even been observed working together in groups to prey on crocodile eggs. One of the monitor lizards distracts the mother crocodile, while the others sneak up and grab the eggs. Amazing, right?
6. Land animals that have the longest lifespan are reptiles
What animals are known for their longevity? Chances are you will answer Turtle, and it is true. A giant aldabra tortoise (Aldabrachelys gigantea) named Jonathan lived to the age of 187 years. That is the longest known life record for a land animal.