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Rare Reptile Animals In Indonesia

Rare Reptile Animals In Indonesia – Although many are feared by the public, it turns out that several types of reptiles are reportedly included in the list of endangered animals in the world. So that the preservation of these reptile species can be enjoyed by future generations, then you need to know the types of rare reptiles that are protected by law.

The existence of environmental damage and hunting of reptiles is the cause of the reduced population of reptiles in their habitat. So that the population does not become extinct, it is necessary to conserve reptiles to maintain its sustainability. Some reptile species have even reached critical status which is the highest threat status before being declared extinct.

1.Rote Tortoise

The rote tortoise (chelodina mccordi) is an endemic species of tortoise from Rote Island, East Nusa Tenggara. Some people also call this type of turtle the snake neck turtle, because it has a long neck like a snake’s body.

The habitat of the rote tortoise itself is in Lake Peto. It’s just that in Lake Peto itself until now this type of turtle has not been found anymore. From data in 2018, the rote tortoise is one of the 25 species of turtles in the world that are threatened with extinction.

The existence of this rote tortoise is becoming less and less due to overexploitation in its natural habitat and illegal catching to trade abroad. Unfortunately, although this animal is declared an endangered species, this type of turtle is not protected by law.

2.Siamese Crocodile

The Siamese crocodile, which has the scientific name Crocodylus siamensis, is a type of crocodile that is spread across mainland Southeast Asia. Named the Siamese crocodile because it is suspected that the origin of this crocodile is from the country of Siam (Thailand). Although the distribution is quite wide, it turns out that this type of crocodile is categorized as a rare type of reptile animal and is protected by the laws of the Republic of Indonesia.

The Siamese crocodile is a freshwater crocodile with a habitat in slow-flowing waters, such as swamps, lakes, and rivers. This crocodile is included in the type of small crocodile, because the maximum length is only 4 meters. One of its physical characteristics can be seen from the color of the crocodile’s back which is dominated by dark brownish green with an incomplete striped tail.

The Siamese crocodile population continues to decline every year. This is due to rampant poaching and environmental damage. To preserve the population of Siamese crocodiles, several countries in Southeast Asia carry out conservation efforts to save the population of Siamese crocodiles in the wild.

3.Leatherback Turtle

The leatherback turtle (Dermochelys coriacea) is a type of giant turtle which is the fourth largest reptile in the world after three types of crocodiles. In addition, leatherback turtles are also known as the fastest turtles in the world, which can swim up to a speed of 35 km/hour.

The characteristic of this turtle is seen from its carapace which is not made of bone, but only covered by oily skin and flesh. The color of the carapace can also be recognized because it has stripes like star fruit. The length of the leatherback turtle itself can reach up to 3 meters with a weight of more than 700 kg. It’s just that now the leatherback turtle population is shrinking due to illegal hunting, either by hunting turtles or their eggs. Leatherback turtles are rare animals in the world and their existence is protected by law.

4.Hawksbill Turtle

Hawksbill turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata) is a rare type of turtle and can be found all over the world. This type of turtle has two species that can be found in the Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. In the Atlantic Ocean it is E. imbricata imbricata and in the Pacific it is E. imbricata bissa.

Hawksbill turtles have a characteristic that can be seen from the curved beak shape, slightly protruding upper lip and saw-like edges of the shell. Another characteristic can be seen from the change in the color of the shell depending on the water temperature. It’s just that because of illegal hunting, the population of the hawksbill turtle in the world is decreasing. Even the IUCN includes the hawksbill turtle as an endangered species and this rare reptile species is also a protected animal in Indonesia.

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5.Tuntong

Tuntong (Batagur baska) is a type of freshwater turtle that can be found in Indonesia, Malaysia, Vietnam, to Bangladesh. Tuntong is the largest freshwater turtle species in Southeast Asia with a weight of up to 18 kg and a length of up to 60 cm.

It’s just that because of the rampant trade in tuntong meat and hunting for tuntong eggs, this animal is included in an endangered species. Indonesia itself has set regulations to protect the tuntong as an animal protected by law.

6.Tuntong Laut

Tuntong Laut (Batagur borneoensis) is a type of brackish water turtle which has a length of about 60 cm. Sea tuntong is a type of omnivorous animal that eats shells, leaves, and mangrove fruit around mangrove forests and in river mouths.

The male sea tuntong has three black stripes along its carapace, while the female sea tuntong has a grayish brown carapace color. In addition, other characteristics can be seen from the head of the sea tuntong, where the male has a gray or white head. While the female sea tuntong has a brown head.

The existence of the sea tuntong is now declared an endangered animal and is included in the 25 species of turtles and tortoises that are most endangered. Indonesia itself includes sea tuntong as a type of animal that is protected by law.

7.Tortoise Thorns

The tortoise (haesemys spinosa) is a type of turtle native to Indonesia whose distribution is to Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei Darussalam, Thailand, and the Philippines. This type of turtle is also known as …

Most Beautiful Reptile Species

Most Beautiful Reptile Species

Most Beautiful Reptile Species – Reptile animals are one of the most creepy animal species, these animals have their own enthusiasts, different from other animals.

When it comes to animals that look beautiful, reptiles probably don’t immediately cross your mind. Generally, a pretty label will be given to colorful birds or fish. As for mammals, usually the title beautiful is attached to animals such as tigers, leopards, wolves, or horses and deer.

1. The jewel lizard

Just the name jewel lizard, then surely this one lizard appearance is quite special. With the Latin name Liolaemus tenuis, this Chilean endemic lizard does look beautiful with bright green on the front and sky blue on the back of its body.

Male lizards have a more striking blue green color than females. The color of this lizard helps it camouflage in shrubs and trees. Plus the black spots all over his body also made him hidden when he was on the rocks.

2. The flat head stone religious lizard mwanza

The name of this lizard is quite long, but the most striking of them is of course its appearance. The mwanza (Religion of mwanzae) flat-headed rock lizard is also called the Spider-Man lizard, and you will know why. Yes, the blue and red body color makes this lizard look like Spider-Man, the superhero created by Marvel, huh!

This lizard lives in Africa, to be precise in the savanna areas of Kenya, Tanzania and Rwanda. The red and blue colors are only owned by the dominant males in this group of lizards. While the common male and female are grayish brown.

3. The rainbow boa

If you look closely, the skins of rainbow boa (Epicrates cenchria) appear to have a rainbow color when exposed to light, and that is why they got their name. So this snake is also considered as one of the most beautiful snakes in the world.

That is why this snake is often kept by reptile lovers. As adults, the rainbow boa measures an average of 1.5 meters. In captivity, this snake can live up to more than 20 years.

4. The geometry tortoise

Not only lizards and snakes, turtles can also look beautiful, you know. For example, the geometric tortoise (Psammobates geometricus) that lives in South Africa. These turtles look beautiful because of their jagged shells and unique patterns. Their size is quite small, only about 10 cm and 200 grams for males, and 12 cm and 430 grams for females.

Also Read:Rare Semiaquatic Reptile Species Facts

5. Leopard tortoises

This turtle is no less unique, both in name and appearance. The name leopard tortoise (Stigmochelys pardalis) itself was given because of the pattern on their shell which is said to look like the pattern of a leopard.

Like the geometric tortoise, the leopard tortoise has a habitat in Africa. They consist of several subspecies, the largest being the subspecies Stigmochelys pardalis babcocki in Ethiopia, reaching 75 cm in length. That makes them the second largest endemic turtle in Africa.

6. Green python tree

The vivid green color makes the green tree python (Morelia viridis) look so charming. When young, these pythons are yellow, red, or dark brown. But as you grow older, the color will turn green.

This snake is one of the favorites for reptile lovers to keep. It is especially interesting to see their color change as they get older, because each individual usually experiences his own unique changes.…

Unique Facts About Reptiles

Unique Facts About Reptiles

Unique Facts About Reptiles – Reptile is a type of animal that has its own target of eminates and, of course, different from other animals, this animal can be considered disgusting for people who are not reptile lovers.

Reptiles are types of animals belonging to the Reptile class. You can definitely mention animals that include reptiles, namely snakes, crocodiles, lizards, and turtles. These four types of animals are very common and you have probably seen them before.

But do you already know some of the following unique facts about reptiles in general? Let’s increase your knowledge about reptiles by reading the following eight facts.

1. Had ruled the land, sea, and sky in ancient times

Reptiles are a type of animal that have inhabited this earth since ancient times. The Britannica page mentions that reptiles first appeared on earth around 312 to 307 million years ago. It was hundreds of millions of years before the appearance of the first mammals and birds. Since their appearance, reptiles have continued to develop until they finally become the rulers of the earth.

the period when reptiles ruled the earth occurred about 252 to 66 million years ago. This period is called the Mesozoic era, or commonly known as the ‘reptile age’ or ‘dinosaur age’. The various kinds of dinosaurs we know today lived at that time.

Not only dinosaurs, at that time also lived the reptiles that ruled the oceans, namely the Plesiosaurs, Ichthyosaurs, and Mosasaurus. While in the sky, reigning flying reptiles called Pterosaurs. Currently, there are only reptiles that live on land and sea, while reptiles that can fly are no longer there.

2. Consists of thousands of species and can be found in almost all places in the world

Although most of the ancient reptiles that once ruled the world became extinct suddenly about 66 million years ago, there are still quite a few reptiles that have survived and evolved to this day. As a result, currently around the world there are about 8,700 recognized species of reptiles.

The distribution of reptiles is very wide. We can find various types of reptiles in almost any place in the world. There are only two locations where there are no reptiles, namely Antarctica aka the South Pole and the Arctic aka the North Pole. The land that is frozen all year round in both places does not allow cold-blooded reptiles to live there.

3. There is a reptile named tuatara which is different from all other reptiles

As mentioned earlier, the animals that include reptiles today are snakes, crocodiles, lizards, and turtles. But actually there are other types of reptiles that are different from these four animals. Its name is a tuatara (genus Sphenodon). Looks like a lizard, huh? But actually they are members of a separate order, namely Rhynchocephalia.

The Rhynchocephalia Order has been around for about 250 million years! All other members of the order have long since disappeared, only the tuatara have survived. So it is fitting that this New Zealand endemic animal is called a ‘living fossil’.

Also Read:Unique Facts of the Rhinoceros Iguana

4. Has a very diverse size

Giant reptiles like dinosaurs are no longer in the world. But we can still find large reptiles today. Of all reptiles today, the largest is the saltwater crocodile (Crocodylus porosus). Also called estuarine crocodiles, they can grow up to 7 meters long and weigh 1.2 tons!

While the smallest reptiles alive today are the Virgin Island dwarf gecko (Sphaerodactylus parthenopion) and the jaragua dwarf gecko (Sphaerodactylus ariasae). Both species grow to a maximum length of 16 mm and a weight of only 14 grams. So small, huh!

5. There are reptiles that are clever

In the animal kingdom, intelligence is usually identical only to mammals and birds. But make no mistake, it turns out that some types of reptiles also have surprising intelligence. One of the smartest is the monitor lizard. Lizards can be trained to count up to six!

In addition, the monitor lizards can remember hiding places that they often use, even several routes to get there. Lizards in the wild have even been observed working together in groups to prey on crocodile eggs. One of the monitor lizards distracts the mother crocodile, while the others sneak up and grab the eggs. Amazing, right?

6. Land animals that have the longest lifespan are reptiles

What animals are known for their longevity? Chances are you will answer Turtle, and it is true. A giant aldabra tortoise (Aldabrachelys gigantea) named Jonathan lived to the age of 187 years. That is the longest known life record for a land animal.…