Rare Reptile Animals In Indonesia – Although many are feared by the public, it turns out that several types of reptiles are reportedly included in the list of endangered animals in the world. So that the preservation of these reptile species can be enjoyed by future generations, then you need to know the types of rare reptiles that are protected by law.
The existence of environmental damage and hunting of reptiles is the cause of the reduced population of reptiles in their habitat. So that the population does not become extinct, it is necessary to conserve reptiles to maintain its sustainability. Some reptile species have even reached critical status which is the highest threat status before being declared extinct.
The rote tortoise (chelodina mccordi) is an endemic species of tortoise from Rote Island, East Nusa Tenggara. Some people also call this type of turtle the snake neck turtle, because it has a long neck like a snake’s body.
The habitat of the rote tortoise itself is in Lake Peto. It’s just that in Lake Peto itself until now this type of turtle has not been found anymore. From data in 2018, the rote tortoise is one of the 25 species of turtles in the world that are threatened with extinction.
The existence of this rote tortoise is becoming less and less due to overexploitation in its natural habitat and illegal catching to trade abroad. Unfortunately, although this animal is declared an endangered species, this type of turtle is not protected by law.
The Siamese crocodile, which has the scientific name Crocodylus siamensis, is a type of crocodile that is spread across mainland Southeast Asia. Named the Siamese crocodile because it is suspected that the origin of this crocodile is from the country of Siam (Thailand). Although the distribution is quite wide, it turns out that this type of crocodile is categorized as a rare type of reptile animal and is protected by the laws of the Republic of Indonesia.
The Siamese crocodile is a freshwater crocodile with a habitat in slow-flowing waters, such as swamps, lakes, and rivers. This crocodile is included in the type of small crocodile, because the maximum length is only 4 meters. One of its physical characteristics can be seen from the color of the crocodile’s back which is dominated by dark brownish green with an incomplete striped tail.
The Siamese crocodile population continues to decline every year. This is due to rampant poaching and environmental damage. To preserve the population of Siamese crocodiles, several countries in Southeast Asia carry out conservation efforts to save the population of Siamese crocodiles in the wild.
The leatherback turtle (Dermochelys coriacea) is a type of giant turtle which is the fourth largest reptile in the world after three types of crocodiles. In addition, leatherback turtles are also known as the fastest turtles in the world, which can swim up to a speed of 35 km/hour.
The characteristic of this turtle is seen from its carapace which is not made of bone, but only covered by oily skin and flesh. The color of the carapace can also be recognized because it has stripes like star fruit. The length of the leatherback turtle itself can reach up to 3 meters with a weight of more than 700 kg. It’s just that now the leatherback turtle population is shrinking due to illegal hunting, either by hunting turtles or their eggs. Leatherback turtles are rare animals in the world and their existence is protected by law.
Hawksbill turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata) is a rare type of turtle and can be found all over the world. This type of turtle has two species that can be found in the Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. In the Atlantic Ocean it is E. imbricata imbricata and in the Pacific it is E. imbricata bissa.
Hawksbill turtles have a characteristic that can be seen from the curved beak shape, slightly protruding upper lip and saw-like edges of the shell. Another characteristic can be seen from the change in the color of the shell depending on the water temperature. It’s just that because of illegal hunting, the population of the hawksbill turtle in the world is decreasing. Even the IUCN includes the hawksbill turtle as an endangered species and this rare reptile species is also a protected animal in Indonesia.
Tuntong (Batagur baska) is a type of freshwater turtle that can be found in Indonesia, Malaysia, Vietnam, to Bangladesh. Tuntong is the largest freshwater turtle species in Southeast Asia with a weight of up to 18 kg and a length of up to 60 cm.
It’s just that because of the rampant trade in tuntong meat and hunting for tuntong eggs, this animal is included in an endangered species. Indonesia itself has set regulations to protect the tuntong as an animal protected by law.
Tuntong Laut (Batagur borneoensis) is a type of brackish water turtle which has a length of about 60 cm. Sea tuntong is a type of omnivorous animal that eats shells, leaves, and mangrove fruit around mangrove forests and in river mouths.
The male sea tuntong has three black stripes along its carapace, while the female sea tuntong has a grayish brown carapace color. In addition, other characteristics can be seen from the head of the sea tuntong, where the male has a gray or white head. While the female sea tuntong has a brown head.
The existence of the sea tuntong is now declared an endangered animal and is included in the 25 species of turtles and tortoises that are most endangered. Indonesia itself includes sea tuntong as a type of animal that is protected by law.
The tortoise (haesemys spinosa) is a type of turtle native to Indonesia whose distribution is to Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei Darussalam, Thailand, and the Philippines. This type of turtle is also known as …